Adolescent medicine is a subspecialty of pediatrics that focuses on the healthcare needs of young persons, ages 10 years through 21 years of age. Adolescence represents a transition time between childhood and adulthood in which young persons are taking increasing responsibility for their own health. The prevention of substance abuse and other health risk behaviors is an important area of adolescent medicine. Other medical concerns often encountered in adolescent medicine include the treatment of acne, behavioral and emotional problems, pubertal development, adolescent menstrual problems and sports medicine.
With recent advancements involving new medications and techniques, asthma therapy within pediatric medicine has become prevalent. Emphasizing a preventive regimen of care, children and adolescents are educated regarding medications, monitoring devises and healthy lifestyle choices to prevent asthma attacks and allow participation in a full range of activities.
With the establishment of a temperament very early in life, it is possible to diagnose behavioral disorders at an early age—before they become teenagers who are left behind socially and educationally. Types of behavioral disorders treated include Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Attention Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Tourette syndrome, obsessive compulsive disorder and a pervasive developmental disorders.